Bratislava (until 1919: Prešporok in Slovak, Pressburg in German and English, Pozsony in Hungarian, Poun in Croatian) is the capital of Slovakia and the country's largest city, with a population of some 450,000. Bratislava lies on the River Danube, at Slovakia's borders with Austria and Hungary, and relatively close to the border with the Czech Republic. It is only 50 km (45-65 minutes by train) from Vienna. The Carpathian mountain range begins within the territory of the city with the Malé Karpaty (or Little Carpathians) mountains (part of the Carpathians).
Bratislava is the seat of the Slovak presidency, parliament and government. The city is home to universities, a relatively large number of museums, and to theatres and other cultural institutions (for example, the famous Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra).
Historically, the town has been influenced by several nations (among others, Austria, Hungary, and Slovakia). Shortly before WWI, it partly functioned as a relaxation place for people from Vienna, the two cities were even connected by a high-speed tram (since 1914). As is common for former cities of Austria-Hungary, Bratislava had other names, out of which the following ones were the only used or official forms before the end World War I (1919):
Pressburg, its old German name. This was also the primary name used in English until 1919.
Pozsony, its name in Hungarian (still used in Hungarian today)
Prešporok, its old Slovak name
Poun its old Croatian name

The historical location of the Mobile Studios in Bratislava:
SNP square (Square of Slovak National Uprising)

The SNP square formed out of an empty space in front of the town ramparts (left side of the square). It couldn't be build on, in order to maintain a good view for the city guards. As a result of the curving line of the town ramparts in the east of the town, an empty space emerged there, divided into three parts: Lower end, Obilny trh (Grain Market) - area in front of Laurinska gate. In the 18th century, the original market was moved to Kollarovo square and the hen market and vegetable market moved here. Middle part - Kramar's row - called after small shops opposite St. Lawrence's cemetery. Next to the cementery there was also a Church of St. Lawrence (St. Laurenz, Laurinska street and Laurinska gate were named after him). Archaeological remains are exposed under glass cupola near the Old Market Hall. After the abolishment of the cemetery, until the construction of the Old Market Hall (beginning of the 20th century) there used to be a bread market there. Upper end - Milosrdnych square (Square of the Merciful) - after the church and monastery of the Merciful brothers from the 2nd half of the 17th century. From 1879 the square was called Trhove (Market square), Marktplatz, Vasarter. After the World War I it was called Rebublic Square, during the World War II Hlinka's square, from 1945 Stalin's square and from 1962 SNP square. In the upper part of the square, in 1973, there was a monument of Slovak National Uprising exposed, on the occasion of its 30th anniversary. It was here, where in 1989, people assembled and protested against the socialist regime and totalitarianism. There have been plans for several years already to build a 4 storey parking under the square, but we will see whether these plans will ever really come to being.

Some links about Bratislava:

- Official website
- Satellite photo map from Google Maps
- Bratislava travel guide at Wikitravel
- Official Bratislava Tourist Service
- Bratislava tourist guide
- Bratislava in Spectacular Slovakia
- Bratislava Tourist Service
- Bratislava, Slovakia - city districts
- Bratislava information, history, tips
- Public urban transport in Bratislava
- Bratislava photo gallery

These are quotes of a Wikipedia Text, the full information is available here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bratislava

This text is licensed to the public under the GNU Free Documentation License


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